Cancer is a major public health problem .The cervical cancer has been the basis of 34, 9% of all female deaths due to cancer in BURUNDI. Despite that there is no data on knowledge of the population; it would seem that this high rate of death from cervical cancer would be related to the lack of sufficient information and the low use of preventive measures.
The cervical cancer has been the basis of 34, 9% of all female deaths due to cancer in BURUNDI.
Faced with this problem, a descriptive and analytical study, qualitative and quantitative one hand other shares; with the objective of contributing to the study of knowledge, attitudes and practices among women of childbearing age on the cervical cancer was launched on a sample of 206 women of reproductive age in the health district of Gitega. This sample was found according to the WHO sampling formula in several degrees. The risk of error was set at 5% .The arrest was made at SCPRO software and then exported to SPSS statistical analysis for quantitative data. This part was completed by a qualitative portion where the analysis was done in Word from the report collected during the focus group.
At the end of this study, it was demonstrated that the knowledge on the cervical cancer are low. Indeed ; 53.4% have already had heard the word cervical cancer. The causes of cervical cancer were known in 6.3% for HPV and 7.8% on unprotected sex.
The majority of respondents believe that cervical cancer can be asymptomatic (61%) and have never seen a patient of cervical cancer (83.5%).
The sources of information on cervical cancer were 24.8% in the media for cervical cancer against 0.5% for newspapers.
Much of the respondents have no information about the availability of services against cervical cancer. Only 26.7% of respondents were aware of which 6.3% had attended the services on cervical cancer. Cervical cancer detection techniques are known in 27.20% .The most appropriate techniques (IVA / IVL; cytology) are almost unknown.
A significant relationship was found between the Pap test and the types of agglomeration and the occupation of women (p <0.05).
Differences of opinion between providers and the rest of the respondents on the existence of cervical cancer screening services were noted. On the other hand ; All groups agreed to focus on the systematic screening approach for women attending maternal and child health services.
In the end, following the results of this study, a model was proposed by the proponent to finally solve the various challenges related to cervical cancer .
Key words: cervical cancer, HPV; screening; women of childbearing age, District Sanitary Gitega; AIPCJ